Israel Resource Review 20th July, 2007


Does the Government of Israel Protect its Own Population? Scathing Report Raises Doubts
David Bedein

One year ago, this reporter covered the war in the north of Israel when 4,000 rockets fell on population centers of more than 1.4 million Israeli citizens. As the father of a young man who served in a sensitive Israeli army combat unit on the northern border between 2001 and 2004, a period when time the Hezbollah showed every sign that it was preparing for war, the attacks came as no surprise. However, the majority of the Israeli population in the north was taken by complete surprise and, amazingly, - the Israeli government was even more surprised and totally unprepared to meet the challenge of protecting its population during a time of war.

For the past year, more than 500 staffers of the Israeli government's State Comptroller's office have worked hard to evaluate the dysfunctional behavior of the Israeli government during last summer's conflict.

The conclusions were released this week by the Israel State Comptroller in a scathing report of 692 pages.

The bottom line: the State of Israel gets a failing grade in everything having to do with the treatment of the home front. This includes Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, his ministers, the police, the IDF and the agencies responsible for taking care of the average citizen during an emergency.

No Israeli governmental agency emerged clean from the state comptroller's report. The cabinet ministers did not take the home front into consideration when they decided to go to war, resulting in the Israel Defense Forces' Home Front Command failure to arrange for armored protection; to the Police, which it was determined operated without the proper tools.

The Army and the Police

The Israeli Army's Home Front Command failed because some of the shelters for civilians were not prepared while others were unusable. In fact, broken alarm sirens were repaired belatedly, while others were not used because of a shortage of operators. Also, most of the hospitals in the north are still not fortified. The report holds the Chief of Staff and OC Home Front Command responsible for not having called up enough reservists in time.

Outdated Order

From 2003 to July 2006, Israeli police did not update the order that coordinates operations in emergencies for a scenario of rocket fire upon Israel even though the Home Front Command provided updated data on the subject.

Hazardous Materials: Contradictory Assessments, Inept Treatment

The report determined that treatment of hazardous materials was inept, problematic and duplicated. Substantial disagreements erupted between the Ministry of the Environment and the Home Front Command and contradictory assessments were provided, inter alia, about risk assessment, determining a treatment scenario and the required protective equipment.

Health System: Lack of Preparedness and Late Response

During the war 7,439 soldiers and civilians were injured, and the report shows that the health system was inadequately prepared for war. The role of the Supreme Authority for Hospitalization and Health during Emergencies is to prepare the health system for multi-casualty events, but in the existing situation it does not have authority to give orders to any health institution, which could harm its performance.

High number of trauma casualties.

Another matter that received inadequate treatment was that of the large number of emotional trauma victims, who numbered approximately 62 percent of the war casualties and overloaded the emergency rooms. Only after eight days of fighting was it decided to operate the emergency medical support system.

The hospitals also had difficulty providing the best treatment for shock victims. One example cited was at Nahariya Hospital where it was said that the psychiatric reinforcement teams from the Mizra Mental Health Center and from the local center for mental health showed a lack of experience. The clinics were not opened. The state comptroller writes that during the first weeks of the war, many community clinics were not opened, while others were opened at hours not made known to the public. It was also written that those staying in shelters, including people who were chronically ill, helpless, handicapped or elderly, had difficulty obtaining their medications.

The Local Authorities: Lack of Coordination and Absence of Procedure

The level of preparedness for emergencies in general and for prolonged rocket attacks in particular gives an especially gloomy picture of the local authorities.

The examination reveals that there was vagueness regarding the Home Front Command's duty to provide aid to the population, and emergency operating procedures were not set, and detailed information was not gathered regarding the needy.

Problematic food supply.

Food distribution operations were not carried out, nor was there any preparation whatsoever for food distribution to communities not on the confrontation line.

Absent mayors

It was also found that the Mayors of Acre and Nahariya did not participate in the Emergency Administration drills, while some of the Mayors who did participate in the drills did not attend them from beginning to end. Another sign of defective preparation may be found in the fact that some of the emergency warehouses contained particularly outdated equipment, such as combat bandages from World War II.

Postal Service, Banking and Transportation: Contradictory Instructions, Slow Response

No decision was made whether the postal service should work to provide routine services or whether, in light of the circumstances, it should provide only basic services. The Home Front Command's instructions were not unequivocal and even contradicted the orders of the Northern Command. Despite orders, bank accounts were restricted. The Supervisor of Banks asked that the inhabitants of the northern region be given special consideration, particularly in providing funding sources for special needs, but these requests were granted only partially. Also, the order that checks without funds would be covered in an emergency for the purposes of sustaining bank accounts went into effect only three and a half months after the war, which led to irreversible damage to businesses and customers.

Public Transportation: Unprotected Passengers

During the war, it turned out that there were no shelters in several workplaces of Israel Railways, and passengers could not be protected at train stations. Therefore, people could not work there. Likewise, there was no coordination between the Home Front Command and the public transportation establishment. The Ministry of Transportation and public transportation operators had no joint working procedures.

Firefighting Services Shortage of Firefighters and Scattered Authority

The organizational structure of the firefighting establishment (which is subordinate to approximately 25 local authorities) creates difficulty for the Home Front Command's preparations, since during emergencies it must be in contact with a large number of local authorities. It also turns out that during the war and contrary to agreements, more than 30 firefighters were called up for military reserve duty, and the Commissioner responsible was unable to have them released.

The Home Front Command published no working procedure for cooperation with the firefighting service, nor had the firefighting officer in the reserves of the Home Front Command been summoned to ongoing meetings since August 2003. The organization's orders state that the number of firefighters shall be according to a key number of reservist firefighters per regular firefighter. In practice, there were 208 firefighters on the home front, as opposed to 345 regular firefighters.

The Ports Authority: Overload at Ashdod Port

By order of the Home Front Command, ships were not permitted to enter Haifa Port, the quantity of hazardous materials at the port was reduced, and all ships anchored there were evacuated. They were all taken to Ashdod Port, which caused an overload and a shortage of workers at the southern harbor.

Although Prime Minister Ehud Olmert thanked the Israel State Comptroller for a thorough report after he officially received it on a Wednesday, Olmert's staff convened a press conference on Tuesday - before the report was issued- to say that the report represented a personal attack on the Prime Minister and that all of the conclusions of the report were being applied, in case of a new sustained attack on Israel. However, when this reporter asked why it was that 25 of the 57 public shelters in Sderot, near Gaza, were still unfit for human habitation, Olmert's director general, Ra'anan Dinor, dismissed the question, saying that he is only dealing with the preparations in the north. That response does not relate to the fact that Sderot remains ill prepared for the likely scenario of sustained missile attacks from Hamas-ruled Gaza in the near future.

Israel State Comptroller responds:

Shlomo Gur, Director General of the State Comptroller's Office, rejected the Prime Minister's allegations against the report, that it seriously criticizes the state's performance on the home front in the Second Lebanese War.

Gur said: "Every word that was said there was weighed up and examined by professionals of the first rank. For this reason it is very important that we pay attention to what the report says and not try to divert the discussion into side alleys."

Meanwhile, the Israel Knesset Parliament State Control Committee is expected to oblige the Prime Minister to establish a state commission of inquiry in the wake of the state comptroller's findings. Committee Chairman Member of Knesset Zvulun Orlev is pushing for this, on the basis of the authority with which the law invests this committee.


During the conflict on Israel's northern border, Israel's supporters throughout the world provided funds for the emergency services for Israel's population then under siege. The follow up to the Israel State Comptroller's report will undoubtedly examine the whereabouts of those funds, and how these philanthropic funds are being administered. Unfortunately, it would seem the word "accountability" does not translate into Hebrew.

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Weekly Commentary: . . . Automatic Pass for the PA?

From the very outset of the Oslo experiment, the Palestinians have been handicapped by well meaning proponents of an "automatic pass" approach to compliance.

But just as an automatic pass policy can condemn some students to never acquiring an education, the automatic pass policy for the Palestinians aided and abetted the development of the monstrosity that is the PA today.

Take a look beyond the smoke and mirrors of the current program, and nothing has changed.

Instead of actually destroying the terror infrastructure, the PA is putting the terrorists on the official payroll.

The terrorists aren't being disarmed - they are being re-armed.

And the weapons the terrorists have aren't being destroyed - they are being added to the armories of the "moderate" PA.

That's right.

The Oslo agreements detail the weapons that the PA can hold, but the list doesn't matter.

Anything the PA ostensibly "confiscates" - including anti-aircraft missiles, anti-tank missiles, rockets, etc. - end up in the PA's armories.

This isn't theoretical. When Hamas seized the armories of the PA and its afiliated Fatah forces in the Gaza Strip they found them to be full of missiles, rockets and other equipment that the PA had no business possessing in the first place.

It could have been different.

Instead of photo ops of terrorists temporarily trading in their weapons there should be photo ops of weapons being destroyed.

As long as the compliance isn't taken seriously, the PA will remain the farce that it is.

Dr. Aaron Lerner, Director IMRA (Independent Media Review & Analysis) (Mail POB 982 Kfar Sava) Tel 972-9-7604719/Fax 972-3-7255730 INTERNET ADDRESS: Website:

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Olmert Argues Against Adding Protection to Sderot

Israel must invest more in offensive rather than defensive mechanisms to face enemy threats, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert told the Cabinet on Sunday.

"We won't become obsessive. We must not arrive at hysteric or popular conclusions regarding defense," said Olmert, responding to criticism that the country wasn't doing enough to protect the home front.

Olmert added that he was not interested in arguing with the Supreme Court. "The government, and only the government, is the authority that needs to make decisions on the subject of protecting [Gaza communities]," he said at the opening of the weekly cabinet meeting, referring to a recent court order for police to expand the fortification of schools in Sderot.

However, he stressed that "we are not engaging in a conflict with the Supreme Court - certainly not fighting with it," and added that "all I'm saying is that on this subject, we have to operate in keeping with the recommendations of the defense establishment and the Home Front Command."

"There is still a lot left to be done on the matter," Olmert continued. "We must take action according to allocated resources and priorities - all these are the tasks of the government which will… make decisions itself," said the prime minister.

Olmert warned against evacuating residents from the rocket-hit western Negev.

"The national sport of 'who will scare more residents way from danger zones' threatens the stability of the country during times of emergency," Olmert warned. "Whoever evacuates Sderot will determine the fate of Ashkelon, and then afterwards, the fate of Ashdod," he added.


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Israel Embrace Of Terror Organization May Cost Congressional Support For Jewish State

The Fatah organization, the mainstream body of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), was launched in 1964 by the Arab League with one purpose in mind: To foment rebellion of Palestinian Arabs against the state of Israel.

After Palestinian Arabs living in Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria and Gaza came under Israeli rule after the 1967 war, PLO incitement of Palestinian Arabs against Israel began to take shape. In 1980, the PLO was officially declared by Israel to be an illegal terrorist organization.

Yet Israel was open to a change in that definition, in the interest of peace with the Palestinian Arab people.

In 1993, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres signed the Declaration of Principles (DOP) between Israel and the PLO together with Yasser Arafat and Mahmoud Abbas of the PLO.

The DOP stipulated mutual recognition between Israel and the PLO and required the PLO to cease and desist from terrorism and for the PLO to nullify its call for Israel's destruction.

The Israeli Knesset ratified the DOP a week later. However, what received little attention was the fact that the PLO did not ratify the DOP due to lack of a quorum.

Pinchas Inbari, the only Israeli correspondent covering the PLO Headquarters in Tunisia at the time, broke the story of the PLO non-ratification of the DOP However, the rest of the Israeli media did not report that the PLO never did ratify the accord, while the Israeli government acted as if they had done so.

Yet, since the PLO did not ratify the DOP, it and Fatah were not stricken from the Israeli law as a terrorist entity.

The other concrete commitment made by the PLO was that it would officially cancel the PLO Covenant, which called for Israel's destruction. On two occasions, the Palestinian National Council (PNC) gathered to discuss the PLO Covenant; on neither occasion did it cancel the covenant. However, the government of Israel has consistently acted as if the PLO ratified the DOP and cancelled the covenant.

Over the coming week, the PNC once again convenes. This reporter asked Israeli officials if they will demand that the PNC finally ratify the DOP and cancel the covenant. The Israeli spokespeople would not answer. PLO spokespeople, however, made it clear that the PLO is not being asked by Israel to ratify the DOP or cancel the PLO covenant.

The PLO therefore remains a terrorist entity. That means that the decision of the government of Israel to arm Fatah technically makes the Israeli government an official sponsor of a terrorist entity.

While the Bush administration concurs with Israeli support of the Fatah, the March 2002 U.S. designation that defines the Fatah al-Aksa Martyrs Brigade as a terrorist organization has not changed.

Under U.S. law, any government that aids and abets an organization defined as a terrorist entity will forfeit aid and assistance. In other words, the Israeli government, in a move to placate the U.S. administration, may undermine its own support base with lawmakers of the U.S. Congress. David Bedein can be reached at His Web site is

©The Evening Bulletin 2007

This was printed in the Philadelphia Bulletin on July 17th, 2007

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