|Israel Resource Review
||28th November, 2000
Official Palestinian Authority
Voice of Palestine Radio
Late November 27th and Early November 28th
Summary and Analysis
Beginning in the afternoon and through the evening, PA officials hinted
broadly at their repudiation of "partial" or "gradual" solutions that have
been floated in the Israeli press. A more detailed repudiation appeared on
November 28 in the morning broadcasts (see below).
Gradually, there is a sense that the economic deprivation is
becoming more of a matter of concern for the PA and is also
being treated more in interviews and news stories on Voice of
In its news summaries, VOP highlighted the criminal intent of Israeli
occupiers in the deaths of five martyrs.
There was limited interest in the coming parliamentary vote in Israel
that might bring early elections.
There was strong Islamic programming, featuring prayers and the chanting
of Quranic passages, as well as an interview-sermon from the Jerusalem
Mufti, Sheikh Ikrem al-Sabry.
Afternoon Headlines, 2 p.m. (Editor's notes in brackets)
- "The execution of five martyrs in cold blood by occupation forces
near Qalqilya and prevent(ed) them from receiving medical help from the ed
- Gaza holds funerals for two martyrs;
- The masses heed call to go to mosques and to continue the Intifada;
- Announcement of the death in a Saudi hospital of Walid Hassan
Abdulah, who was shot in the stomach by the occupiers with dum-dum bullet;
- Seven others brought to rest today (full listing of names and ages).
Quotes from Interview with Mufti, Sheikh al-Sabry, 2 p.m., November 27:
"This month, this month of fasting, this blessed Ramadan is a month of
patience. Patience is the key to paradise. We call on our steadfast and
disciplined people to be patient and steadfast for Ramadan teaches us many
lessons. One of the benefits of Ramadan is victory (note: the Arabic word
intissar also has a strong connotation of revenge).
Ramadan is known as the month of victories (read "revenge").
The Battle of Badr (the prophet Muhammad's first great victory)
and the conquest of Mecca were the first victories, and they occurred in
Ramadan. Also the October War (the 1973 war) was in Ramadan.
We call on our people for patience despite the military siege and
economic blockade, we call on our people not to give in and not to surrender and not to accept the capitulatory and deficient solutions.
Our existence here is a matter of faith, by a decision of the master of the universe. Our existence here is not predicated on Balfour (Declaration) or linked to decisions by the United Nations or the Security Council.We will continue our blessed intifada until the end of the occupation, God-willing."
Radio Analysis and Excerpts -- November 28, 2000
Summary and Analysis
VOP led its news broadcasts with the deaths and funeral times of
the latest martyrs, but because of the dearth of fatalities, as
late as l0 a.m. Tuesday, for its lead item it was actually
forced to recycle an old item from early Monday afternoon about
the death of a man in a Saudi hospital.
VOP again reiterated yesterday's theme that Israel was committing
cold-blooded murder, and it re-visited the Qalqilya battles in detail.
Local correspondent reports led with Na'im Sweilim from Qalqilya
describing the intensification of the Israeli blockade of the town.
The featured morning interview guests were Ahmad Qureia (Abu Ala), the
speaker of the Palestinian Authority legislature, Feisal Husseini, the
Palestinian Authority minister for Jerusalem affairs (and member of the PLO
Executive Committee), and Salim Za'anun (Abu Adib), the speaker of the
Palestine National Council.
Quotes of the Day
"They are interested in escalation, and they are not interested in
finding any solution." (Feisal Husseini, in morning interview, commenting
on Barak Government policies)
"Israel is unable to protect the holy places and access to them. Israel
is responsible for all that has happened and for all all that is happening,
and it is responsible for preventing worshipers from getting to holy sites.
The only solution for the problem is for the complete Israeli withdrawal
from Jerusalem, especially the holy places." (all quotes from Feisal
Husseini in morning interview)
Morning Headlines, 8 a.m., November 28
- "Two more martyrs brought to burial;
- Occupation guns and artillery fire on several targets, especially
Beit Jallah and Salfit and Khan Yunis;
- The Palestinian Authority rejects Israel's suggestion to delay final
solution in return for phased settlement;
- President Arafat's spokesman Nabil Abu- Rudeina says that the time
for transitional agreements is passed and now is the time for a final solution;
- Three-way summit today in Aqaba: Palestinian-Egyptian and Jordanian;
- Parliamentary Minister Nabil 'Amr says that not one of our citizens
has left the country since the beginning of the Intifada: a goal of the occupation. And Minister 'Amr warns of Israeli efforts to undermine the steadfastness of the people and the Palestinian Authority;
- George Mitchell of the international investigation says his commission will soon visit the Middle East;
- Human Rights Commissioner Mary Robinson calls for the dispatch of
Quotes from Interview with PA Speaker Ahmad Qureia
"There are many efforts (to resume talks with Israel) as you know,
including international efforts from the United Nations, from Europe, from
Russia, and there are also Arab efforts from the fraternal state of Egypt
and Jordan. They all speak of dealing first with putting a stop to the
massacre of the Palestinian people. Second, returning the peace process to
the realm of possibility and ending aggression against the Palestinian
As you know, for the sake of this there is a Security Council resolution
322 that calls for an international investigation. and calls for
international protection for the Palestinian people.
And there are certain steps that the Israeli government cannot avoid such
as an end to settlement, executing agreements, releasing women prisoners
and the detainees from Israeli prisons, transforming zone B into Zone A as
agreed in the talks. It is not acceptable that these zones remain, A, B, and C.
It is impossible to return to the situation that existed on September
28. There are too many basic and important matters and the United States
which was a witness to the Wye River accords and Sharm al-Sheikh has not
obligated Israel to keep even one item of all the agreements. Things have
changed from the 28th, and things have to be done, and the first thing is
the matter of things that Israel has to execute, and the second thing is
Question: What do you think of Prime Minister Ehud Barak's talk of a transitional
Answer: "I think that he was not ready (lit: "ripe") until now and his
government was not ready (lit: “ripe”) for a permanent solution according to international legitimacy which includes the right of return for the refugees and a withdrawal to the June 4, 1967 borders, and he is trying to fight it using elongated stages. It will be a continuation of the conflict and the resistance."
(Ed. Note: Ahmad Qureia was not asked about the Knesset's having passed a motion yeserday repudiating the Palestinian right of return by a vote of 90-9. Nor was there any mention of the vote on VOP.)
(Note: there was also no mention of Palestinian shooting into the Israeli
community of Gilo.)
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Bonus for Arafat:
Recall of Egypt's Ambassador
Security Affairs Analyst, Yediot Aharonot
One must listen carefully to what Foreign Minister Amr Moussa
said yesterday when he explained the decision to recall
Ambassador Mohammed Bassyouni. This is an “Egyptian decision” by
direct instruction of President Mubarak, and there is no point
in trying to intervene in an “Egyptian decision,” nor will
pressure to change it help, neither from the Israelis nor from
the Americans. Indeed Mubarak has already received approval from
the American Congress for increased financial aid to Egypt, the
ultimate “sign of recognition” for his staunch remaining on the
side of peace.
The next sentence by Amr Moussa, who chooses every word very carefully,
is no less important: We are recalling our ambassador in response to
Israel’s excessive use of force against the Palestinians, but no hasty
conclusion should be drawn from this that we are preparing for war or
withdrawing from the peace process.
Israel knows that Bassyouni will not return. The ambassador’s bureau on
Basel Street in Tel Aviv will be closed for months to come. But Moussa
spoke out to calm the worried voices among us, in regard, for example, to
Egypt’s military arming. We, emphasized Moussa, are not making the sounds
of war. War is no longer in our lexicon.
In the absence of an ambassador, the direct telephone lines between
Cairo and Gaza as well as to Ramallah will be in operation. Barak is
invited to call Mubarak, though the process will be more complicated and
slower than in the past. If Foreign Minister Shlomo Ben-Ami calls his
Egyptian colleague, he will also receive a response.
More than 20 years following the peace agreement, Egypt does not yet
know how to read Israel. And the same is true the other way around. The
only one who managed to get to know Israel well was Bassyouni, a graduate
of Egyptian intelligence, who worked around the clock here. But it is
Mubarak who makes the decisions, not him.
Four Israel prime ministers began their term of office with a working
visit to Mubarak: Rabin, Peres, Netanyahu and Barak. Despite this, not one
of them was able to totally grasp the “role of Egypt.” Mubarak is the
undisputed leader of the Arab world, surrounded by leaders of the next
generation, who are weak and preoccupied with problems of survival. Israel
has tried to get around Mubarak or decrease his role, while he gave every
leader a chance, but kicked up a fuss when he found out that they were
operating behind his back or hiding political moves from him.
But it is possible that the recall of Bassyouni, who was the link
between the heads of the Israeli government and the presidential palace in
Egypt, will open direct channels between Cairo and Jerusalem. Arafat
received a “bonus” from Mubarak, and now it will be easier for Mubarak to
get him back to the peace process.
This analysis ran in Yediot Aharonot on November 22, 2000
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